AUGUSTA — In a surprise vote Wednesday, the Maine Senate passed a bill that creates civil penalties for those who sell guns in private sales to people who are prohibited from having them.
The legislation imposes a civil fine of $500 if a gun seller does not perform a background check and the buyer is later discovered to be a prohibited person.
The bill, LD 1240, had been watered down by the Senate, but on Tuesday the House of Representatives sent the measure back to the Senate, insisting it pass.
The Senate approved the bill on an 18-17 vote, with two rural Democrats joining Republicans in the minority on the measure. Sen. John Patrick, D-Rumford, and Sen. Troy Jackson, D-Allagash, voted against the measure.
Patrick said later he voted with his constituents on the issue, noting that many are avid sportsmen, National Rifle Association members and advocates for personal protection.
Sen. Stan Gerzofsky, D-Brunswick, the co-sponsor of the bill, said that though the measure had been killed twice before, it was "resurrected" again Wednesday.
Gerzofsky co-chairs the Criminal Justice and Public Safety Committee with Rep. Mark Dion, D-Portland, the sponsor of the bill. The committee debated LD 1240 — and dozens of other gun-related bills — extensively before issuing split reports on whether it should pass.
With a 78-71 vote Wednesday afternoon, the House moved the bill closer to the desk of Republican Gov. Paul LePage, who is expected to veto it because it conflicts with his gun-rights philosophy.
“Is it acceptable that someone can bet our safety on a hunch that a buyer seemed OK?” said Dion, a former Cumberland County sheriff, in a prepared statement issued after Wednesday’s vote in the House. “By closing the background-check loophole, we can reduce the potential for gun violence at the time of sale. Anything after that can be too little, too late.”
The House and Senate background-check votes fell far short of the two-thirds majority it would take to override a potential veto. Still, Gerzofsky seemed undeterred, noting a recent poll that suggests nearly 90 percent of Maine residents support background checks for all gun sales.
"On this one there is a very small but loud special interest," Gerzofsky said of those who have lobbied against the measure. "But my special interest is the people who sent me here. I can't understand for the life of me why some people in this chamber want to protect those who can't pass a background check."
Gerzofsky called the measure "a piece of common-sense legislation that requires background checks for people you don't know. It's pretty simple."
The measure would not apply to sales among family members and it would not make a background check mandatory for a private sale, Gerzofsky said.
The legislation also would not prohibit anyone who is legally entitled to possess a firearm from doing so, he said.
The bill was among dozens that looked to address firearms issues this lawmaking session. Gerzofsky said that while several bills that would have increased gun control failed to make it through the process, Democrats were able to fend off legislation to loosen control in Maine.
A bill that would have allowed public school employees to become trained and armed was defeated, as was a bill that would have allowed carrying a concealed handgun without a permit. Another bill that passed allows police, under certain circumstances, to ask people openly carrying firearms to identify themselves, he said.
Democrats were unable to advance bills that would have prohibited the sale of high-capacity ammunition magazines or ones that would have required federal background checks at gun shows in Maine.