WESTBROOK — Their stories are different, but the bottom line is the same.
Opiate addicts say methadone, the synthetic drug used in maintenance treatment of drug addiction in the United States since the 1960s, stops their cravings without creating the effects of a “high.”
And that, they say, has been a life-changer.
“Methadone saved my life,” Mike, a recovering opiate addict and methadone client from the Portland area, said hours after receiving his daily dose at a Westbrook methadone clinic.
About 1,500 opiate addicts receive methadone in nine clinics throughout Maine, according to the Office of Substance Abuse. The clinics include three in the greater Bangor area, one in Lewiston, one in Waterville, one in Calais and three in the Portland area, including the Center for Addictive Problems, also known as CAP Quality Care Clinic in Westbrook.
“I probably wouldn't be alive if it wasn't for this place,” said Rob, a CAP client who works as a manager and lives with his wife and dog in a house they own. Rob has been coming to the clinic for seven years. He said he has never had a relapse.
Rob and Mike are two of seven clients, plus one letter-writer, from the CAP clinic who agreed to participate in a discussion with the Sun Journal about their methadone maintenance treatment. The male and female clients, ranging in age from the early 20s to the late 40s, asked to be identified by first names only. They jokingly called themselves the “Smith" family.
On everyone's mind was the passage of LD 1840 — a bill shifting MaineCare reimbursement for methadone treatment from a six-year cap to a lifetime maximum of 24 months. The new law, which is expected to save MaineCare $1.4 million per year, goes into effect Jan. 1, 2013. The legislation requires special authorization for MaineCare patients to continue methadone treatment beyond the two-year cap.
MaineCare, the state's insurance program for low-income people, pays for treatment for more than 63 percent of all methadone patients in Maine, said Guy R. Cousins, director of the Office of Substance Abuse Services. The state reimbursement covers medical and clinical assessment, individual and group counseling, drug screenings and medication checks, Cousins said.
Of the 500 clients who receive daily methadone treatment at the CAP program, MaineCare pays $58 per person for 367 clients, CAP Quality Care Director Susan Sullivan said. Each MaineCare client must pay a $2 co-payment. The other clients pay through private insurance or out of pocket.
As they sat in one of the group therapy rooms at the clinic for the interview, the six clients agreed that addicts will do what it takes to get treatment. The state will pay a lot more in jail costs as addicts steal to get money to continue their treatment or revert to taking illegal drugs.
“Without methadone, people are going to die, break into houses, rob pharmacies and destroy innocent lives,” said another client, who was unable to attend the interview but wrote a letter.
The clients and clinic nurses said the recovering addicts' need for methadone is no different from diabetic patients who get daily insulin injections. It's a disease, they say, like diabetes. It may not be cured in two years, six years or even a lifetime. But the cravings for opiates can be eliminated or highly reduced through methadone maintenance treatment, they say.
“You can't put a timetable on this,” said Yvonne, who started using opiates at rave parties to “fit in.”
“If I was a diabetic and they gave me two years of sugar, then I'd have to die,” Yvonne said. She has not craved opiates in the more than two years since she came to the clinic.
Each day, recovering opiate addicts drive to the CAP clinic just off Exit 48 on Interstate 95, either by themselves, with friends or by vans provided by agencies such as Community Concepts and Western Maine Transportation. The clinic is a one-story industrial building in a Westbrook business park. The park also houses the Harvest Bible Chapel.
The clients receive a daily dose of methadone, counseling, friendship, hope and structure — an important part of their recovery, the clients said.
Under Maine law, new patients are required to attend the clinic seven days a week, but many receive “take-home” doses for at least one of those days if they meet certain criteria, such as being stable, after the first 90 days of treatment.
The procedure is simple, said Kathy Alarie, nursing director and assistant director of programming.
Patients come in at 7:30 a.m., check in at the front desk waiting area, a cream-colored room much like a doctor's office. They wait to go into one of several small "dosing booths."
Once in the dosing booth, the client stands at a small window where a nurse screens the client to make sure he or she is not under the influence of a non-prescribed drug, then administers the methadone in "drink" form.
The client is given cherry-flavored liquid methadone, the same type used in most clinics throughout Maine.
The nurse makes sure the client has swallowed the dose before he or she is allowed to leave.
While the dosing period is going on, the building doors are locked to ensure that no one enters with the intent of robbing the clinic.
Once the dosing is finished, some clients go to group or individual counseling sessions. All patients are assigned to a counselor and are required to meet with them on a regular basis. The ratio of counselor to patient has increased drastically under recent state budget cuts, said Lori Beisel, clinical supervisor and a registered nurse.
The face of an addict
Methadone maintenance clients come from all walks of life. They include doctors, lawyers, business people, single parents, and people who are unemployed, depressed or mentally unstable. All say they resent the stigma placed on them as methadone treatment clients.
“They look down on us because we're addicts,” Rob said.
Andrea has a college degree in business and has started her own cleaning business since coming to the CAP clinic. She pays for her treatment.
“I lost MaineCare and I choose to pay on my own, even though I really can't afford it,” said Andrea, who makes $150 a week working 25 hours. She pays $100 a week for her treatment.
“If I come off methadone and do it the wrong way, I'm going to be right back on it," she said. "I chose this. There is no price to my life.”
Other clients, including Jeanne and Rhonda, say the clinic has given them hope and stability. It's a daily opportunity to bond with other people who are struggling.
"The best thing you have is respect for yourself," said 49-year-old Amy, who has been an addict since the age of 14 and has come to the methadone clinic every day for the past seven years.
Her mother was murdered and she was adopted at a young age. “Its been a very long, hard road,” she said of her struggle with addiction.
With the encouragement of her CAP counselor, Amy has received her Reiki II certification to practice the Japanese energy therapy.
“I just want to be treated with kindness and respect,” she said. "This is where I belong now."